Epidemiology And Laboratory Capacity Cooperative Agreement

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The Prevention and Health Fund (Title IV, Section 4002) was created as part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act to enable increased and sustainable national investments in prevention and health programs to improve health and control health care costs in the private and public sectors. The Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity for Infectious Diseases (ELC) and Emerging Infections Program (EIP) cooperation agreements were concluded in 1995 as key elements of the CDC`s national strategy to combat and reduce emerging threats of infectious diseases (IDIs). These programs play a crucial role in strengthening national infectious disease infrastructure, serving as collaborative platforms for public and local health services, CDC programs and various academic and other public health partners to improve the ability to identify and respond to EDIs and other public health threats. In particular, programs establish epidemiology, laboratory and information systems, integrate epidemiology and laboratory practices, actively monitor and conduct targeted research to improve methods and inform national surveillance and response activities. Overall, additional resources from several sources, including the PPHF, will enable ELC and IEP partner agencies to address the bulk of gaps in epidemiology and laboratory capacity (e.g. B the number and level of training of epidemiology and laboratory staff, effective/functional information systems, etc.). Through the ELC, the CDC provides funding and technical assistance to implement and maintain surveillance of human diseases and their vectors, improve diagnosis, and implement and evaluate prevention strategies. ELC vector receptors are encouraged to develop extensive vector-spreading disease programs that focus on local pathogens and vectors in their legal systems. Essential activities include active human surveillance, analysis and response to vector disease, information work, laboratory testing, staff recruitment or training, and vector monitoring and control.